The new law on organic production guarantees rational use of soil, healthcare and protection of the environment, as it gives impetus to the organic production in Ukraine, arranges favourable conditions for production and consumption of organic produce, and forms a comprehensive system of organic sector development in Ukraine. The law sets the principles of the governmental policy and the fundamentals of organic production; determines the authorities of administration bodies; fixes the general requirements for production, processing and sale of organic produce. The law will inure on 01 January 2012.
Certification of Ukrainian organic farms in accordance with EU Regulations was initiated and started in the late 1990s by Dutch, German and other European organic traders. Organic area has been increased constantly since then and amounted to 270,226 hectares in 2010, according to the Organic Federation of Ukraine.
(Picture: Ukrainian Parliament)
The number of organic farms is also constantly growing: more than 140 farms worked according to organic guidelines in 2010, compared with only 31 in 2002. The total value of organic production in Ukraine in 2006 to 2010 varied on the level of 112 to 160 million euros per year. Organic grain, oilseeds and beans are mainly exported to other EU countries. The remaining products are used as seeds or for feed purposes, or processed and sold in the domestic market or exported. A large share of certified organic products in Ukraine is still consumed as conventional products.
The domestic organic market in Ukraine started to develop in 2008. The main part of the certified organic products available, like baby food, tea, coffee, sugar, spices, fruits, vegetables, pasta, chocolates, oils, and cosmetics, for example, is still imported, mainly from other EU countries.
(Picture to the right: Organic soy beans)
But the number of organic products of Ukrainian origin presented on the domestic market is increasing every year. Among them are flakes, IQF berries, jams, syrups, herbal teas, juices, fresh vegetables and herbs, dairy and meat products. In 2008, the total domestic market of organic products amounted to 0.6 million euros, and rose to 1.2 million euros in 2009. In 2010, it reached 2.4 million euros, according to Organic Federation of Ukraine, and further growth is expected in 2011.
(Picture to the left: Best organic brand in 2009 and 2010 - Pan Eko)
In 2009 and 2010, the Organic Federation of Ukraine with local authorities, the Ministry of Agricultural Policy of Ukraine and FiBL support, have organized all Ukrainian organic markets in Lviv that have become a strong impulse for the faster development of the organic market in the country. Similar organic events were organized in 2010 in other areas, and will continue in 2011. The main distribution channels of organic products in Ukraine are small shops offering natural and organic products in the capital Kyiv and in other big cities such as Lviv, Kirovograd, Dnipropetrovsk, Ivano-Frankivsk, and Odessa, for example.
(Picture: Seminar in the region of Vinnitsa)
Sixteen certification bodies are operating in Ukraine, including the national Organic Standard Ltd. The “State Program of the Ukrainian Agriculture development until 2015" sets the aim that by 2015 the share of organic products on the total Ukrainian agricultural production is to be not less than 10 %. In 2008, the Organic Federation of Ukraine, authorized by the Ministry of Agriculture, has prepared the Concept of the State Program on the organic farming development in Ukraine. According to the Ministry, the document is to become core of the National Organic Plan in the nearest future. Since 2009, the Organic UA monthly hard copy magazine is published by the Organic Federation of Ukraine to promote organics among consumers. (Picture: Organic maize field)